- Map of Mexico, including Yucatan and Upper (Alta) California. | Photo: Public domain
Published 10 March 2017 (10 hours 22 minutes ago)
- ussed to forcing Mexico to cede what is now 50 percent of U.S. territory back in 1848. Now a lawyer wants to invalidate the accord.
A Mexican politician filed a demand on Friday to annul the agreement that forced Mexico to give up more than 50 percent of its national territory to the United States.
The demand would recuperate the states of California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Oklahoma ceded in the treaty officially called the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic.
Former Mexican presidential candidate and founder of the democratic socialist party Cuauhtemoc Cardenas and lawyer Guillermo Hadman found several legal arguments that would allow them to nullify the Guadalupe Hidalgo Agreement of 1848, imposed under U.S. military occupation.
One of the judicial arguments, Hadman said, is that the U.S. exerted pressure against Mexico to sign the agreement signed. His demand includes confessions from U.S. soldiers that the then-president and “national traitor” Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was forced to sign.
If the demand fails, Mexico would then ask the U.S. for indemnification for the use of those territories over the last 168 years.
The case could eventually be presented to the International Court of Justice, but would depend on approval by Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, according to Hadman. He prepares to present him the documents with a march to his office in which he invites all Mexicans to join.
by teleSUR / nrc-DB
Workers have been earning a shrinking share the past few decades despite a century of steady earnings, and the culprit is industry “superstars,” according to a new analysis.
The slice of the pie that goes to workers has thinned the most in industries where a few behemoths have come to dominate, like mining and manufacturing, found a study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, cited in the New York Times on Wednesday. While the pie itself has shrunk, productivity has skyrocketed.
Before the recession, labor compensation — which includes stock options, insurance and bonuses — was steady at about two-thirds of output; since before the recession, it hasn’t edged above 59 percent. Reasoning has been varied, pointed out the New York Times, from Donald Trump’s outsourcing argument to the increasingly common analysis of automation.
The new paper, though, argues on the basis of previously confidential company data that the culprits are industry players that are pushing smaller companies out of business and raking in a growing portion of profits. In the six industries they studied — which accounts for 80 percent of U.S. private employment — the study found “a remarkably consistent upward trend in concentration.”
“ Research has shown that in pretty much every industry, most of the income differential among workers is not a result of a chasm between the highest and lowest paychecks within one company, but rather differences among companies,” writes the New York Times.
The paper’s thesis: “the concentration of sales among firms within industries has risen across much of the private sector; and industries with larger increases in concentration exhibit a larger decline in labor’s share.”
The game is different in every sector; for instance, in the service industry, and especially the tech industry, higher profits and fewer employees in “superstar firms” mean more compensation generally, since the smaller players in the same industry are fewer and therefore keep the compensation calculation high.
Still, those better-paid “superstar” jobs are actively exacerbating inequality since they remain elite and limited.
“What’s different about new superstar firms is they don’t have the cadre of middle-class jobs for nonelite workers,” Lawrence F. Katz, a Harvard economist who co-authored the paper, told the New York Times.
With Trump favoring business giants over unions, the equation is not likely to change soon.
Syria Wants Turkey ‘Invasion Forces’ Out, US, Russia Cooperate
- A Turkey-backed rebel fighter fires a mortar shell towards Syrian regime soldiers, west of Manbij city, in Aleppo Governorate, Syria, March 9, 2017. | Photo: Reuters
Published 10 March 2017
Turkey says it wants to liberate the city of Manbij, which already expelled the Islamic State group with the help of the Kurdish YPG.
Syria requested that the U.N. Security Council pressure Turkey to pull out its “invasion forces” from Manbij on Friday, a day after Ankara said it would attack any Syrian Kurdish YPG forces in their way.
Turkey supports “terrorism that killed tens of thousands” and has “destroyed part of the country’s infrastructure,” wrote the Syrian Foreign and Expatriate Ministries in two letters.
The day before, Turkey shelled sites outside of Manbij affiliated with the Syrian Arab Army, killing and wounding several troops, according to Syrian state media. Turkey said it had “neutralized” 71 YPG fighters this week and occupies more than 2,000 square km in northern Syria.
“We will not allow the YPG’s canton dreams (to come true). If we go to Manbij and the PYD is there, we will hit them,” NTV cited Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu as saying.
The YPG is the dominant party in a U.S.-backed alliance, the Syrian Democratic Forces, currently controlling Manbij. But it is unclear how large a presence the YPG has in Manbij. Turkey says the Kurdish militia maintains a presence in Manbij. The YPG denies this.
The U.S. military, cooperating with Syria and Russia, has deployed a small number of forces in and around Manbij as part of a new role to ensure the different parties in the area do not attack each other. The Manbij Military Council says the move followed Turkish threats to attack the city.
A spokesperson for Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said the YPG should move out of Manbij to the eastern side of the Euphrates river, which Turkey is broadly believed to see as the boundary of a safe zone it aims to create.
Cavusoglu gave no deadline for any withdrawal of the YPG militia, seen by Ankara as a hostile force allied to PKK Kurdish militants fighting an insurgency on Turkish soil. It considers their presence in Manbij a hindrance to its efforts to create a “safe zone” on Turkish borders.
The Russian-backed Syrian army has made a rapid advance against the Islamic State group to the south of the city, while the Turkish military and Syrian rebel groups it backs have been fighting a Manbij-based militia to the west of the city.
Fearing deepening Kurdish influence in northern Syria, Turkey has been pressing Washington for a role in the final assault on Raqqa. SDF spokesman Talal Silo said the SDF had ruled out that idea during a meeting with U.S. officials last month.
“The Turkish side is an occupation force and it cannot be allowed to occupy more Syrian land,” he told Reuters. The meeting in northern Syria was attended by U.S. Senator John McCain and U.S. military officials, he said.
by teleSUR / nrc-DB