Titus captured Jerusalem in 70 AD with four legions and the revolt was completely crushed after the fall of the Masada fortress in 72 AD.
At the inside of the arch are two panels with reliefs. One depicts the triumphal procession with the spoils taken from the Second Temple in Jerusalem – the seven-branched candelabrum or Menorah, the silver trumpets and the Table of the Shewbread. The other one shows Titus in a chariot accompanied by the goddess Victoria and the goddess Roma.
The inscriptions in the frieze which mean ‘The Roman Senate and People to Deified Titus, Vespasian Augustus, son of Deified Vespasian’ were originally in bronze. The reliefs were also colored and the arch was topped by a bronze quadriga.
The Arch of Titus
The Roman triumph
Victory in Judea
Topography and the triumph
The attic inscription
VESPASIANO·AVGVSTO (CIL 6.945)The Senate and the Roman people (dedicate this) to the deified Titus Vespasian Augustus, son of the deified Vespasian
Restoration and current state