Children playing in the besieged Gaza Strip (AFP/Mahmud Hams/File)
The latest victim of the Palestinian Authority (PA)’s dramatic reduction in medical referrals for residents of the besieged Gaza Strip was a three-year-old girl, who died on Thursday after the PA failed to respond to an urgent request for treatment in an Israeli hospital.
The Hamas-run Ministry of Health in Gaza reportedly told Israeli daily Haaretz that the three-year-old girl had suffered from heart complications whichnecessitated an urgent surgery that, like many other medical treatments, was unavailable in the besieged enclave.
However, as the request went unanswered by the PA, the girl eventually died, due to her illness.
According to the Gaza Health Ministry, the girl became the 16th resident, including three newborns, in Gaza to have died from recent PA policies that have delayed the approval of medical referrals for treatment in the occupied West Bank and Israel, Haaretz reported, according to Ma’an.
In recent months, the PA Health Ministry has gradually halted and delayed medical referrals for residents in Gaza to receive treatment abroad, which came without explanation and amid a healthcare crisis that has been compounded by life-saving equipment being made inoperable due to the territory’s worsening electricity crisis.
Data collected by the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) showed medical referrals issued for Gaza Strip patients reached 2,190 referrals in March, declining to 1,756 in April at a rate of 19.8 percent, to 1,484 at a rate of 32.2 percent, and to a paltry 500 in June at a rate of over 75 percent.
According to the group, of over 2,500 patients suffering from serious diseases who have already been approved by the Higher Medical Committee in June for treatment abroad, just 400 have been approved for financial coverage.
The statement warned that “a number of these patients were admitted to the intensive care unit in Gaza following their health status deterioration,” and that “hundreds of patients have been expecting death in the Gaza Strip hospitals in light of the absence of any opportunity to receive treatment abroad.”
Both the Fateh-led PA, Israel, and Hamas have been slammed by the UN, rights groups, and other Palestinians, in recent weeks, for policies aimed at consolidating political control at the expense of Gaza’s two million residents, who have already suffered the disastrous effects of Israel’s decade-long siege.
The medical sector in Gaza has been particularly hit hard by PA policies and the ongoing decade-long Israeli siege of Gaza.
Over the previous few months, the PA cut its funding to the medical sector in the besieged enclave, which has seen the typical $4 million monthly budget of Gaza’s Health Ministry plummet to just $500,000.
In the past months, the medical shelves in Gaza’s hospitals have been almost emptied, with scores of vital medicines no longer available in the besieged territory.
The PA’s delay of medical referrals has exacerbated everyday life for Palestinians in Gaza, who are now left with no choice but to exit the territory in order to receive treatment.
In 2012, the UN warned that Gaza could become uninhabitable by 2020 if current trends were not altered. In a new report released this month, the UN said that “life for the average Palestinian in Gaza is getting more and more wretched.”
Instead of reversing the devastating trends in Gaza, the “deterioration has accelerated, sped along not least by a devastating round of hostilities in 2014 from which we are only now starting to recover.”
The report also pointed to the deepening electricity crisis in the territory, while “a host of other chronic and acute problems” have become a part of daily life for Gaza’s residents.
“An 11 year-old child has not experienced more than 12 hours of electricity in a single day in his/her lifetime. No one remembers a time in recent memory when drinkable water reliably appeared out of the tap,” the report read.
Opinion/Analysis: 07/13/17 Gaza is Headed for a Deeper Political and Humanitarian Crisis
Gaza Economy – Nearing Total Collapse: A UNDP Report on Challenges to Economic Recovery and Long-Term Development in Gaza
Gaza Economy – Nearing Total Collapse: Living conditions in Gaza have deteriorated to a breaking point, rendering the Gaza population among the most impoverished, left alone and exposed to vulnerabilities globally.
Gaza’s private sector, the engine of future economic growth potential, is presently incapacitated due to the blockade, restrictions on movement and access to natural resources and markets, and recurrent destructive wars, according to the latest Gaza economic recovery report released today by UNDP’s Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People in Gaza, and authored by Dr Mohammed Samhouri.
The report “Three Years After the 2014 Gaza Hostilities – Beyond Survival: Challenges to Economic Recovery and Long-Term Development” provides an analysis of the main challenges that are currently dominating Gaza’s business environment, three years after the 2014 hostilities, and proposes a fresh approach to support Gaza’s private sector to thrive, not just to survive.
Speaking at the launch, Roberto Valent, UNDP Special Representative of the Administrator pointed out that Gaza must not be seen as a humanitarian burden, but as a development potential driven by its resilient and innovative people. “Unemployment in Gaza is one of the highest in the world, with 60% of youth jobless. The report is crystal clear that unless political solutions are brought about to the Gaza decade long economic and livelihood deterioration, any support the international community provides will fall short of any expectations and be a simple and unsustainable Band-Aid. The human cost is being borne by the business owners, workers, the women and children, by people who are already traumatized by conflict. They are the ones who will not have access to electricity, water, health services and sanitation,” he added.
Three years after the 2014 Gaza hostilities, and despite reported progress in housing and infrastructure repairs, the construction and recovery process is proceeding slower than planned due to access restrictions and lack of funding. Gaza’s private sector is yet to recover from the widespread damage and losses – estimated at USD 3.1 billion – sustained from the latest devastating hostilities. Much of the destroyed economic facilities in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors are still standing idle, awaiting repair and rehabilitation.
The report also highlights that Gaza’s economy has been virtually stagnant for the past ten years, with average annual real GDP growth rate over the decade not exceeding 1.44%, while Gaza’s population grew by 38.4% over the same period. According to the report, more GDP growth will be required in order to reduce Gaza’s chronic unemployment, currently standing at 40.6%, and improve livelihoods.
Overcoming the challenges highlighted in the report is reliant on resolving the political bottlenecks; that stand as the root cause of Gaza’s crisis. The acceleration of the recovery and reconstruction process will provide Gaza’s population the opportunity to invest in their own lives and the long-term sustainable development of their community.
The current catastrophic conditions in the Gaza Strip desperately require sustained action in order to slow, stop, and eventually reverse the decline in real-terms of Gaza’s economy. The UN already predicted Gaza will be unliveable by 2020.
Further information about the Report “Three Years After the 2014 Gaza Hostilities – Beyond Survival: Challenges to Economic Recovery and Long-Term Development” can be found at www.ps.undp.org.